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updated 11:29 AM UTC, May 4, 2016

How to download Images in Java and how Threads help in downloading them faster

  • Written by Madhu V Rao
  • Published in Core Java

This program explains how to download an Image using Java. This uses Java thread's for parallelly downloading the Images.By commenting out the lines (1, 2 ,3 and 4 ) which is specified as the comments, the program downloads the images sequentially.

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.URI;
import java.net.URISyntaxException;
import java.net.URL;
import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
 * @author M.Vasudevarao
public class ImageDownloader
    public static final String fileSep = System.getProperty("file.separator");
    private String httpURLofImage;

    public ImageDownloader(String url)
        httpURLofImage = url;

    public void download(String fileName)
        BufferedImage img;
        URL url = null;

            URI uri = new URI(
                    "/" + fileName,
            url = uri.toURL();
            img = ImageIO.read(url);
            File os = new File(fileName);
            ImageIO.write(img, "jpg", os);
            System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName()+ " downloaded");
        catch (URISyntaxException ex)
        catch (IOException ex)
            System.out.println("Some problem with the file "+ fileName + " -IOEXCEPTION");

    public static void main(final String args[])
        System.out.println("args.length " + args.length);
        final String url = args[0];
        for (int i = 1; i < args.length; i++)
            final String fileName = args[i];
            (new Thread(fileName)  //line 1 - Anonymous inner Thread Class
            {                                      //line 2
                public void run()         //line 3
                    new ImageDownloader(url).download(fileName);
            }).start();                       //line 4


javac ImageDownloader.java

How to run:

before running create a folder images and execute the following command:

java ImageDownloader ictforu.com images/comm.jpg images/digital_video_broadcasting_logo.svg.png

 run it twice once with Java Threads and other without it and see the performance improvement by yourself.

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